Vietnam War History
Vietnam War: A showdown between Communism and Democracy - America vs North Vietnam
The military struggle in Vietnam
The Vietnam War was a military struggle fought in Vietnam from 1959 to 1975. It was started by the Communist guerrillas (the so-called Vietcong) in the South, whom were backed by Communist North Vietnam, in an attempt to overthrow the South Vietnam government.
The start of the Vietnam War
Ngo Dinh Diem was overthrown and killed
in a coup d'etat in 1963 by his own generals causing political confusion
in South Vietnam. The security in South Vietnam continued to deteriorate
putting the Communists in reach of a victory. By 1965, the US president
Lyndon Johnson approved regular bombing
of North Vietnam to prevent the total collapse of the Saigon regime
by the dispatch of troops and marking their overt entry into the war.
United States forces landed at Da Nang and began fighting in Vietnam.
US pulls out of the Vietnam War
In 1973 the United States ended its military involvement in the Vietnam War and in 1975 South Vietnam surrendered to northern forces. Thousands of Vietnamese began fleeing the country. Finally in 1976 North and South Vietnam were unified under a Communist government and Saigon was renamed Ho Chi Minh City.
The Vietcong recruited a guerrilla army to pursue a war of ambush, terrorism, and sabotage. By 1965 the Vietcong was strong enough to form main force units to fight pitched battles with the South Vietnamese army in the countryside, although not in the urban areas which stayed under Saigon government control.
Instead, their ranks were decimated and they had to revert to guerrilla tactics whilst the North Vietnamese regular army assumed responsibility for the main fighting against the forces of South Vietnam and its foreign allies, especially the United States.
Vietnam war History